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Jaipur Tourism

Introduction
Jaipur Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Kachhwaha dynasty in the year 1727. Pictures of colorful and vibrant place comes in front of eyes as we hear the name of "Pink City" Jaipur, due to its colorful culture, traditions, handicrafts etc. It is one of the colorful cities in India and is famous for its culture, forts, monuments, lakes and palaces. Jaipur is the largest city of Rajasthan and also famous as a “Pink City”. It is the first plan city of India founded by Raja Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, after whom the city is named, on 18 November 1726 and architect by Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya of Bengal. As the 2011, Jaipur is the 10th most populated city in India. Jaipur is also a part of Golden Triangle Tourist circuit along with Agra. Jaipur is one of most popular tourist destination of India. Jaipur serves as the gateway to other tourist destination of Rajasthan, such as Jodhpur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Chittod and Mount Abu etc. Jaipur is the only living city in India that symbolizes the nine divisions of the Universe through nine rectangular sectors. The city has a large number of tourists’ destinations and has been included in the popular tourist “Golden Triangle” of Delhi, Jaipur and Agra. We at Theholidays.in provide you with complete information and Introduction about the city of Jaipur.

Maharaja Jai Singh was a great lover of Mathematics and Science which made him built the World’s largest Observatory "Jantar Mantar" in the year 1728. This royal place is rich in heritage, culture and architecture. With glorious fortresses, magnificent palaces, pleasant temples and beautiful havelis; Jaipur turns out to be an ideal tourist destination. It is not just the royal buildings and palaces that this city offers. Other than these charming attractions, Jaipur displays exquisite handicrafts and spectacular jewellery. These complicated works of art add life and colour to this Pink City's uniqueness. Also, the serenity of lush gardens and floral formation acts as the cherry on the cake of fabulous landscapes. All this make a attractive view that tends to enthrall any visitor.

History
Jai Singh II was supremely talented - politically, intellectually and on the battlefield, he was known as the warrior-astronomer. In 1696 he had earned the title of 'Sawai' meaning 'One and a Quarter' (Intelligence) from emperor Aurangzeb after the emperor was impressed by his wit and pluck , a title which was proudly borne by all of Jai Singh's descendants. Jaipur was the first city in Rajasthan that acknowledged Mughal presence and beat a political agreement with them. The city of Jaipur was founded in 18 November 1726 by Jai Singh II, King of Amber, who ruled the 1688 to 1758. He planned to shift his capital to the Amber, 11km from Jaipur, to accommodate the growing population and increasing scarcity of water. Jaipur was the capital of former Kachwaha rulers. Jai Singh consulted the books of architecture and architects of the time while planning the layout of Jaipur. Jaipur was planned on the basic principle of Vastushastra and Shilp shastra under the architectural supervision of Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. The construction of the city starts in 1726 and took 4 years to make major roads, palaces and offices. It was divided in to 9 blocks. Two of which contains the state building and palaces with the remaining seven allotted to the public. Huge bastions were constructed, pierced by seven fortified a gate.

In the reign of Sawai Ram Singh, the city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII in 1876. Many of the avenues remained painted in pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive appearance and the title as Pink city. In the 19th century, the city grew rapidly and by 1900 it had a population of 160,000. The wide roads were paved and its chief industries were the working of metals and marble, fostered by a school of art founded in 1868. The city had three colleges, including a Sanskrit college (1865) and a girls' school (1867) opened during the reign of the Maharaja Ram Singh II, who was the son of Jai Singh III and his reign was 1835-1880. Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh ascended the throne in 1835. A minor at the time, the administration of the State was conducted by the Minority Council however in lieu of his intelligence, arduous application of State affairs and great grasp of details of State administration he was invested with full powers even before attaining majority.The modernization of Jaipur, under the British influence, was first brought about by Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II. After Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, he is considered as the most enlightened of the Jaipur rulers.

On works of public utility; he built the Jaipur Water Works (1875), Gas Works (1878), the Mayo Hospital, the Ramniwas Gardens with the Museum, School of Arts, Public Library, Ramprakash Theater, Maharaja’s College (1844), Sanskrit School (1865), the Noble's School (1862), the Girls School (1867). The Public Works Department was established in 1860. Roads and highways between Jaipur, Ajmer and Agra were constructed during his reign. Besides these dams for irrigation purposes, public buildings, and offices were also built. He was also a reformist and it was in his reign that slavery, child infanticide, and the cruel custom of sati were officially abolished in the State of Jaipur. In the Literary field, Maharaja Ram Singh ji's major contribution was a lithographic press that added many valuable books to the Pothikhana.

Jaipur Location
Jaipur, the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan is situated in the eastern border of Thar Desert, a semi-arid land. It is positioned at an altitude of 1417 feet above the sea level. Jaipur lies at a distance of about 200 miles from Delhi, 150 miles from Agra and 84 miles from Ajmer. Located amidst the Aravali hill ranges at an altitude of about 430 m above sea level. Latitude – 26 55’ ; Longitude – 75 50’ The current district of Jaipur lies in Eastern Rajasthan, in the Banas River basin and forms a part of Eastern Plain of Rajasthan.The city is enclosed by the Aravali hills on three sides, and this is why, it is safeguarded from the rough desert. In the north, it is surrounded by Sikar and Mahendragarh district; in the south by Tonk; in the east by Alwar, Dausa and Sawai Madhopur; and in the west by Nagaur and Ajmer district. The total length of Jaipur is about 180 km from east to west and width from noth to south is about 110 km. The main river of Jaipur is Ban Ganga and Sabi. About 28.65 million cubic meter ground water resources are available in Jaipur. Ramgarh dam on the River Ban Ganga provides the drinking water to the city Jaipur. The main minerals of the city are copper, iron, dolomite, white marble, glass and silicon. Jaipur is very close to Sambhar Lake, which is the only natural lake with salty water is also the leading source of good quality of salt in the state as well as country.

Jaipur City Architecture
Jaipur is one of the well-designed cities in India. Whole city was established a well planned manner where provisions were made for good roads, open areas, space for garden, proper road-crossings etc. The city of Jaipur is well-off in its artistic and architectural charm, which can be seen in an assortment of chronological and artistic destinations that are in the city. Jaipur, The city was planned according to the principles of Indian Vastushastra and Shilp shastra By Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya in 1727. There are three facing gate east, west and north. The eastern gate is called as Suraj Pol (Sun Pol), the western gate is called Chand Pol and the northern gate faces the old capital of Amber. The city of Jaipur was constructed in 9 rectangular blocks. 7 of these blocks were created to serve for the civic and the remaining 2 comprised state buildings and palaces. The city of Jaipur was further surrounded by the city wall and entrance was through the 7 gates. The city is unusual among pre-modern Indian cities in the regularity of its streets, and the division of the city into six sectors by broad streets 34 m (111 ft) wide. The urban quarters are further divided by networks of gridded streets. Five quarters wrap around the east, south, and west sides of a central palace quarter, with a sixth quarter immediately to the east. The Palace quarter encloses the Hawa Mahal palace complex, formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort which was the residence of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, crowns the hill in the northwest corner of the old city.

Climate
The weather of Jaipur is semi-dry type. Summers are scorching hot due to dessert area. Temperatures remain comparatively on the higher end all around the year. The summer season begins from April and continues till July. The temperature rises to an average of 40°C. The city experiences monsoon showers in the months of August and September with frequent thunderstorms. Jaipur receives over 650 mm of rainfall each year. With pleasant weather in the month of October; November to February, are the months when city observe winters. The temperature ranges in between 5-15°C during this season. There are no traces of humidity in winters but the city is dominated by the dense cover of fog in mornings and evenings. The cold waves at times lead to freezing temperature in this season. Jaipur is extremely warm during summers and cold during winters, though the nights are cooler throughout the year. The weather in summers is high on humidity and so drinking a lot of water becomes necessary in order to keep yourself fit. Even after the extremely hot summers, the monsoon season doesn't prove to be a relief either. Delay in flights due to heavy rains, disruption on roads as they are washed away are some of the problems to be experienced if you visit this place during rainy season. Therefore, the best time to visit this richly royal city of Jaipur is in the winter season. October to March sees a great rush of travelers from India and abroad. It is indeed the ideal time for touring Jaipur and attractions nearby.

Jaipur Tourist Attractions
Jaipur is one of the fabulous tourist spot where people from all the world wants to take part in increasing their knowledge about Rajasthani culture and values it shares with the part of the world. It is the most lovable tourist destination of foreigners as well as domestic. There are a lot places to see in Jaipur not only buildings, palaces even more of them is handicraft, culture etc.
JAIPUR TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
Palaces & Forts Temples Gardens Museums Festivals Others
Amber Fort Birla Temple Central Park Albert Hall Museum Elephant Festival Jaipur Zoo
City Palace Galta Ji Jawahar Circle City Palace Gangaur Festival Jantar Mantar
Jaipur City Wall Shanghiji Digamber Jain Temple Sisodia Rani Garden & Palace Teej Festival Jawahar Kala Kendra
Diggi Palace Govind Dev Ji Smriti Van Kite Festival Raj Mandir Cinema
Hawa Mahal Kanak Vrindavan Ram Niwas Garden Rajasthan Assembly Building
Nahargarh Fort Shila Devi Temple Ramgarh Lake

Jaipur Forts & Palaces
City Palace or Jaipur palace of Jaipur includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal palaces and other buildings, is a palace complex in Jaipur, the capital of the Rajasthan state, India. It was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, the head of the Kachwaha Rajput clan. The Chandra Mahal palace now serve as a museum, but the greatest part of it is still a royal residence. The palace complex, located northeast of the centre of the grid-patterned Jaipur city. The palace was built between 1729 and 1732, initially by Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber.

Amber Fort
Among the famous forts in Jaipur overlooking Maota Lake stands the majestic Amber or Amer Fort. In 16th century, a fort was built by a trusted general of Akbar, Maan Singh. Later, Maan started to rule the area surrounding the fort which was called as the Amer state. The fort is now called as the Amer Fort and the city is called as Jaipur. Amer fort or Amber fort is located a little away from the main city of Jaipur. It is an important tourist destination in this city.

Amer Palace
Amer palace is located in amer, a town with an area of 4 square kilometers, 11 kilometers from Jaipur, Rajasthan state, India. Amber palace built with red sandstone and marble. The palace is divided in four level layout plan each with a courtyard.

Jaigarh Fort
Built in the year 1726 by Jai Singh II the Jaigarh, is one among forts in Jaipur is also known as the ‘Fort of Victory’. A fine example of a self sufficient place, it is dominated by the huge walls and watchtowers. The thick walls are of red sandstone which runs to about 3 kms.The architectural features are of Indo-Persian style. It is home to beautiful palaces with scenic landscape. The granaries, water reserves and storage systems are the finest examples of science and technology then.

Nahargarh Fort
Nahargarh fort of Jaipur also called the ‘Tiger Fort’ was built by Jai Singh II with the aim of providing strong defense to the city. Standing majestically on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, Nahargarh Fort is the best place to view the splendid beauty of the Pink City. The walls of the fort are extended over the hills to form fortifications that connect it to Fort Jaigarh.

Shopping
Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan is a treasure trove for shoppers. There are shopping places in Jaipur which offer varieties of products and souvenirs. Jaipur is one of the most important centers in the world for cutting and polishing precious and semi-precious stone, diamonds. Jewellery, exotic blue pottery, the batik painting, block printed textiles of Sanganer and Bagru, tie & dye fabrics, Mojari- (the local shoe), sandalwood carving items, beautiful stone carvings etc. are the most shopping items of Jaipur. There is an endless list of shopping in Jaipur but the jewellery and blue pottery are world famous. Jaipur fabrics are also widely known and attract many tourists to its markets. Jaipur Bandhej print is too much famous. Some of the top shopping destination in Jaipur: Jauhari Bazar, Tripolia bazaar and Chaura Rasta, Bapu Bazar and Nehru Bazar, Ramganj Bazar, Kishan pol Bazar and Mirza Islamia Road etc.

How to reach
Tourist came here to explore the beauty and to know about cultural and tradition of Jaipur from all parts of the world. Due to the major city of the country, Jaipur is well connected to almost every corner of India via different means of public transport including air, rail and road. Every day the public transport is used by over millions of travelers travelling to and around Jaipur.

By Road
Jaipur, The Pink city is a main city so it very well connected through National Highways from the major cities of India. 8, 11 and 12 are the name of some national highways. There’s a very good service of bus from Jaipur to Delhi provided by RSRTC. Here are non-AC and AC Volvo buses in which the fare of the AC bus is more. From Jaipur you can board the bus from Narayan Singh Circle or the main Sindhi Camp bus stand whereas in Delhi you can take the bus from Bikaner House on Pandara Road which is next to India Gate. Also, there are some private buses which are available from Dhaula Kuan in Delhi. There are some express buses which connect various cities and towns of Rajasthan such as Bundi, Kota, etc. to Jaipur. This city is also connected to Mumbai via Ajmer.

By Train
Jaipur is well connected all the major cities of India from the means of Indian Railways. There are several trains which connect this city to Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Agra, Kota, Alwar, Jodhpur, Alwar, Ajmer, Kota, Chittorgarh, Bikaner, Udaipur, Barmer, Jammu, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Kolkata, Ludhiana, Pathankot, Haridwar, Indore, Gwalior, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Roorkee, and Kanpur. In addition to this, long-distance trains arrives from several other cities including Patna, Ranchi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Vadodara, Banaras, Surat, Bilaspur, Nagpur, Raipur, Puri, Bhubaneswar, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mysore, Mangalore, Goa, Kochi, and Kozhikode. There are three main railway junctions including Jaipur, the main station; Gandhinagar and Durgapara.

By Flight
The Jaipur Airport is situated at Sanganer, 7 km (domestic terminal) and 10 km (international terminal) from the main city. It connects the city to all the major parts of India as well as some of the major overseas countries. It has the facility of daily domestic flights to Delhi, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Hyderabad, Goa, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bangalore, Indore and Pune. Also, it has the facility of international flights through which it connects directly to Sharjah, Muscat and Dubai. Flights to Singapore and Bangkok are also available via Delhi. Furthermore, it offers the chartered service to London and Dublin. Once you get down at the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the main city.

Best time to visit
The best time to visit Jaipur even Rajasthan is between October and March. Since the weather is pleasant during these months, that allows one to explore more of this place without getting scorched in the extreme heat. This city of Rajputs is well known for its fairs and fests that are held on a grand level. The festivals include Kite festival, Camel festival, Teej, Gangaur, Elephant festival, to name a few. The most of the tourists comes here at the time of festival to look the the celebration and enjoy it. City witnesses maximum tourists during these days. To add on to its liveliness, this place has brilliant bazaars filled with bright turbans and ethnic attire, hand-dyed and embroidered textiles, pretty jewellery and delicious food. All these things can draw anyone towards them. Dressed in pink, this royal city of Rajasthan, Jaipur is the apt blend of heritage, palaces, culture and art and the flamboyance of this place can be experienced only by visiting it.

Jaipur Taxi Service
India is one of the most popular tourist destinations and is a land of scenic beauty and rich tradition and culture. Thousands of travelers come to India to spend a great holiday. If you wish to visit various parts of the country and have a charming experience, you can avail of the services of car rental in India. There are single day car rentals, weekend car rentals and also week-long car rentals. The Tourist Taxi Service and The cab are also providing taxi services and car rental services on the basis of your need.

Accommodation
The city of Jaipur also offers various types of accommodations for the guests. There are a large number of Luxury, Star and Deluxe hotels along with a range of Budget and Economy hotels from which the guests can choose depending upon ones taste and preference. Some of the most sought after hotels in Jaipur include the Rajvilas, The Rambagh Palace, Jal Mahal Palace, Rajputana Palace Sheraton, Man Singh Towers, Hotel Jaipur Palace, The Trident, Hotel Maurya Palace and the Maharani Palace.

Next to Jaipur
Jaipur lies in Rajasthan state of North India. It is surrounded by large number of tourist destinations which are very popular among visitors. Some of such popular tourist attractions are Ajmer, Pushkar, Bikaner, Shekhawati Ramgarh, Sariska National Park, Ranthambore national park, Bharatpur, Agra etc. All these tourist destinations are very popular among visitors and easily accessible by tourist cabs in half-day period. We are operating tours for all these destinations.

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